Discover the Meaning Behind the 14 Most Important Aztec SymbolsDiscover the Meaning Behind the 14 Most Important Aztec Symbols

The Aztecs were an ancient civilization that originated in the area now known as Mexico. Known for their diverse range of cultural activities and beliefs, the Aztecs left behind a rich legacy of art and symbolism.

One of the most intriguing aspects of Aztec culture is their use of symbols. These symbols were used to represent a wide range of concepts and ideas, from religious beliefs to military prowess. Understanding the meaning behind these symbols can give us a greater insight into the lives and beliefs of the ancient Aztecs.

One of the most important symbols in Aztec culture was the “atlal”, or spear thrower. This symbol was often used to represent military power and prowess. The atlal was a weapon commonly employed by Aztec warriors and was known for its strong and accurate throws.

Another important symbol in Aztec culture was the “huitzilopochtli”, which translates to “hummingbird of the south”. This symbol represented power and strength, as well as the ability to bring about change. Huitzilopochtli was the Aztec god of the sun and war, and was worshipped by the Aztec people for centuries.

The “mizquitzli” was a symbol that represented sensuality and dominance. It was often depicted as a large crocodile and was associated with fertility and the power to control one’s own destiny. The Aztecs believed that the mizquitzli had the ability to bring prosperity and abundance.

One of the most common symbols in Aztec culture was the “ehĂ©catl”, or wind serpent. This symbol represented the four directions and was often depicted as a snake with wings. The wind serpent was believed to be a powerful force of nature and was worshipped by the Aztecs for its ability to bring about change and transformation.

The “quetzalcoatl” was another important symbol in Aztec culture. This symbol represented the god of creation and was often depicted as a feathered serpent. Quetzalcoatl was associated with wisdom and knowledge and was believed to bring balance and harmony to the world.

The Aztecs also used symbols to represent different types of sacrifices. One of the most common symbols used to represent sacrifices was the “xopilli”, which translates to “sharp blade”. This symbol was often used to represent human sacrifice, which was a common practice among the Aztecs. It was believed that by offering these sacrifices, the Aztecs could ensure the well-being of their people.

Another symbol associated with sacrifice was the “xochimizqui”, which translates to “blooded grass”. This symbol represented the passage between the earthly and spiritual realms and was often used in rituals and ceremonies. The Aztecs believed that by performing these rituals, they could maintain a connection with their gods.

One of the most fascinating symbols in Aztec culture was the “tlauhquecholli”, or frog. This symbol represented the water element and was often used to symbolize fertility and abundance. The Aztecs believed that the frog had the ability to change its limbs and transform into different animals, symbolizing the ever-changing nature of life.

These are just a few examples of the many symbols that were important to the Aztecs. Each symbol had its own unique meaning and was used to represent different aspects of Aztec life and beliefs. By understanding these symbols, we can gain a deeper insight into the rich and complex culture of the Aztecs.

The Sun Stone

The Sun Stone, also known as the Aztec Calendar Stone, is perhaps the most symbolic and powerful of all Aztec symbols. It represents the Aztec worldview and their belief in the cyclical nature of time. The stone, which measures about 12 feet in diameter and weighs over 24 tons, is carved with intricate designs and symbols that reveal the Aztec understanding of the universe.

Sensuality is symbolized in the Sun Stone by the presence of Tlaltecuhtli, the earth monster. Tlaltecuhtli is depicted with open jaws and a long tongue, signifying the power and fertility of the earth. The stone also shows the sun god Tonatiuh at the center, surrounded by various symbols representing the different elements of the universe.

The Sun Stone is divided into different sections, which represent different celestial and earthly realms. The innermost circle contains the 20-day signs of the Aztec calendar, while the second circle represents the 13 numbers. Together, these symbols denote the passage of time and the cyclical nature of the universe.

In addition to the symbols mentioned above, the Sun Stone also features the Maquilli, the spear-thrower, symbolizing skill and origin; the Papalotl, the butterfly, symbolizing metamorphosis and creativity; the Cipactli, the monster with a crocodile-like body, symbolizing nighttime and surprise; and the Malinalli, the grass, symbolizing cunning and language.

The Symbolic Meaning

The Sun Stone is a symbol of divine power, representing the sun god Huitzilopochtli. It is believed to have been used during important ceremonies and sacrifices, as well as in the calculation of the Aztec calendar.

The stone also holds great importance in Aztec literature, as it appears in various myths and legends. For example, in one myth, the Sun Stone depicts the birth of the fifth sun and the sacrifices that were made to sustain it.

The Aztec Calendar

The Sun Stone is closely associated with the Aztec calendar, which is known for its precision and complexity. The calendar consists of two separate systems: the 365-day solar calendar and the 260-day ritual calendar.

The solar calendar was used for agricultural and administrative purposes, while the ritual calendar played a significant role in religious activities and ceremonies. The combination of these two calendars allowed the Aztecs to organize their lives and mark important events.

The Aztec calendar was divided into 18 months, each lasting 20 days. The last month, called Mizquitzli, was a time of decadence and celebration, during which the Aztecs believed the gods required sacrifices to ensure the continuation of the universe.

The Symbolism of Sacrifice

Sacrifice was a central part of Aztec culture, and the Sun Stone reflects this through its depiction of various sacrificial rituals. The stone shows warriors and gods engaged in battle and sacrificing animals, babies, and even other gods.

The Aztecs believed that through sacrifice, they could maintain the cosmic balance and show their devotion to the gods. Sacrifices were often performed in the Templo Mayor, a large pyramid-like structure that served as the most important religious site in the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan.

The Importance of the Sun Stone

The Sun Stone not only represents the intricate cosmology of the Aztec civilization, but it also serves as a reminder of the power and prestige of the Aztec rulers. The stone showcases the skills and artistic abilities of the Aztec people, as well as their deep understanding of the natural world.

Today, the Sun Stone is considered one of the most significant artifacts from the Aztec civilization. Its elaborate carvings and symbolic meanings continue to intrigue and inspire people around the world, shedding light on the rich history and culture of the Aztec people.

The Feathered Serpent

The Feathered Serpent is one of the most significant Aztec symbols, representing the god Quetzalcoatl. This god was known as the creator of humankind and the winds. The Feathered Serpent combines the qualities of the jaguar and the bird. It is believed that the god Quetzalcoatl brought several gifts to humanity, including the calendar, agriculture, and the art of writing.

Symbolic Meanings

  • Protection: The Feathered Serpent was a symbol of protection, as it was believed to keep balance and harmony in the world.
  • Renewal: Quetzalcoatl was associated with renewal and new beginnings. The Feathered Serpent represented the cyclical nature of life, death, and rebirth.
  • Fertility: The Feathered Serpent was also a symbol of fertility, as it was believed to bring abundance and success in agriculture.
  • Divine Connection: Quetzalcoatl was considered a deity with a connection to the sky. The Feathered Serpent symbolized the heavens and the stars.
  • Warfare: Despite its peaceful symbolism, the Feathered Serpent was also associated with warfare. The god Quetzalcoatl was known for his strong and skillful nature in battle.
  • Human Sensuality: Quetzalcoatl was depicted with human features, and the Feathered Serpent symbolized sensuality and the celebration of one’s physical body.

The Feathered Serpent played a significant role in Aztec society and was a symbol of power, dominance, and protection. It was often depicted on Aztec artifacts, such as atlals (spear-throwers), weapons, and clothing. The symbol could be found across different castes and social classes, representing its widespread significance in Aztec culture.

The Jaguar

The jaguar is one of the most important and powerful symbols in Aztec culture. It symbolizes strength, agility, and cunning, and is associated with some of the most revered gods of the Aztec pantheon.

In Aztec mythology, the jaguar is derived from two human gods, Huitzilopochtli and Tezcatlipoca. Huitzilopochtli, the god of war, was often depicted as a jaguar or an eagle carrying a spear. Tezcatlipoca, the god of nighttime and sorcery, was often shown as a jaguar or a feathered serpent.

The jaguar is also associated with the concepts of transformation and renewal. In Aztec belief, the jaguar symbolizes the passage between life and death, and is often depicted with a grass in its mouth. This grass is commonly interpreted as a symbol of rebirth and regeneration.

Another important meaning associated with the jaguar is that of movement and strength. The Aztecs believed that the jaguar had the power to seize and kill its prey with a single leap, symbolizing the agility and strength needed in battle.

The jaguar is found in many Aztec drawings and paintings, often depicted with an elongated body and prominent spots. These depictions symbolize the jaguar’s association with the earth and its power to cause earthquakes.

In Aztec literature, the jaguar is also a symbol of courage, bravery, and military power. It is often used to represent warriors and is considered a guiding spirit for soldiers going into battle.

The jaguar is closely tied to the Aztec concept of the “spear-thrower.” This weapon, known as an atl-atl, was believed to be used by Aztec warriors to throw spears and was considered a symbol of power and dominance.

In addition to its powerful symbolism, the jaguar was also beloved for its beauty. The Aztecs admired its sleek and powerful physique and often associated it with the divine. In fact, the Aztec emperor Montezuma II had a pet jaguar named Mizquitzli, which he kept in a special enclosure at his palace.

The jaguar’s significance in Aztec culture extended beyond symbolism. Its bones, teeth, and other body parts were employed in various rituals and ceremonies, and it was even used as a motif on items such as jewelry and pottery.

In summary, the jaguar is a highly revered symbol in Aztec culture, representing strength, agility, cunning, bravery, and military power. It symbolizes the passage between life and death, the power of movement and strength, and is associated with the gods Huitzilopochtli and Tezcatlipoca. Whether as a symbol of transformation or as a powerful military emblem, the jaguar holds great significance in Aztec society.

The Eagle

The eagle is one of the most iconic symbols in Aztec culture, representing various meanings and concepts. It is a symbol of joy, power, and strength, with its elongated wings and impressive size. The Aztecs believed that the eagle was a symbol of surprise and the unexpected, as it could swoop down from the sky and catch its prey swiftly. In Nahuatl, the Aztec language, the eagle is known as “papalotl”.

The eagle also had a deep connection to the role of a mother. The Aztecs believed that the eagle was a motherly figure, as it would often take care of its young and provide for them. In addition, the Aztecs associated the eagle with death, as it would sometimes carry the souls of the deceased to the afterlife.

Throughout Aztec artwork and symbolism, the eagle appears in various forms. It is often depicted with its wings spread wide, showcasing its detail and importance. In some cases, the eagle is depicted with just its head, symbolizing the high status and importance of the bird. The eagle was also prominent in Aztec calendars, particularly in the south, where a white eagle was associated with nighttime and the god Xolotl.

The eagle was also connected to other symbols in Aztec culture. For example, the eagle was often depicted alongside the butterfly, known as “papalotl” in Nahuatl. The butterfly symbolized transformation and rebirth, representing the journey of a newborn with their wings. The eagle and butterfly together symbolized the importance of change and growth.

Ironically, the eagle was also associated with warfare and cunning. The Aztecs employed the eagle as a symbol for their knights, known as “cuauhtin”. The eagle symbolized their strength and bravery in battle, as well as their skill and cunning. In Aztec literature, the eagle is often depicted with weapons like the knife and spear-thrower, symbolizing the battle-hardened and animalistic nature of the warrior.

In addition to its symbolic meanings, the eagle held significance in everyday life. It was believed that the eagle was an auspicious animal, bringing good luck and protection to those who were associated with it. The eagle was also associated with the god Quetzalcoatl, who was often depicted with an eagle perched on his shoulder.

Overall, the eagle symbolized many things in Aztec culture – from joy and power to war and death. It held a significant role in the lives of the Aztec people, representing their values and beliefs.

The Calendar

The calendar was a fundamental aspect of Aztec culture and played a significant role in their daily lives. It symbolized the importance of time and the cyclical nature of life. The Aztecs had two distinct calendar systems: the Tonalpohualli and the Xihuitl.


The Tonalpohualli was a religious calendar that symbolized the cycles of time and the spiritual beliefs of the Aztecs. It had 260 days and was divided into 20 periods, each consisting of 13 days. Each day in this calendar was associated with a specific symbol and had its own unique meaning.

Itzquintli (the dog) represented warfare and was viewed as a symbol of loyalty and protection. Calli (the house) symbolized shelter and stability.

Another significant symbol was the Papalotl (the butterfly), which represented transformation and renewal, as well as the soul leaving the body after death. This symbol was associated with the goddess of death, Miquiztli.


The Xihuitl was a solar calendar that symbolized the agricultural and seasonal cycles. It consisted of 18 periods of 20 days each, with a total of 360 days. The last five days were considered as a time of transition and were seen as unlucky.

The most important symbol in the Xihuitl calendar was the Xiuhcoatl (the fire serpent), which represented the sun and its journey across the sky. The Aztecs believed that the sun was a powerful and influential deity.

Furthermore, the Aztecs worshipped the god Huitzilopochtli, who was associated with the sun and warfare. In Aztec culture, warfare was seen as a means of ensuring the continuity of life and maintaining the balance of the universe.

Beliefs and Meanings

The calendar held great significance for the Aztecs as it was used to guide their daily activities, religious ceremonies, and agricultural practices. It not only helped them keep track of time but also provided them with a deeper understanding of the world and their place in it.

The symbolism associated with various days in the calendar conveyed important cultural and spiritual beliefs. For example, the blade of a stone knife was a symbol of sacrifice and the most common offering to the gods.

The eagle, with its powerful and animalistic qualities, was viewed as a symbol of strength and dominance. Feathers were often used in rituals and ceremonies, and their wrapping around the sword’s blade derived from the belief that they protected warriors in battle.

Moreover, the cactus symbolized both nourishment and protection, and its spines were seen as a form of defense against evil spirits.

Interestingly, the birth of a newborn was also symbolized by the calendar. The number of days that elapsed between the child’s birth and its first cry determined the child’s destiny and the path it would follow in life.

In conclusion, the calendar was a beloved and revered symbol in Aztec culture, representing the cyclical nature of life, the importance of time, and the beliefs and meanings associated with various symbols and days.

The Corn

The corn, or “mizquitzli” in Aztec, is one of the most important symbols in Aztec culture. It represents sustenance, fertility, and life. Corn is believed to have been created by the gods to nourish humanity, and it played a central role in the Aztec diet. The Aztecs worshipped the Corn Goddess, also known as “Xilonen,” and believed that corn was a gift from the gods.

In Aztec art and symbolism, corn is often depicted in various forms. Corn kernels are shown in masks and other artwork, representing the nourishment provided by this important crop. Corn also frequently appears in the wings of the “itzcuintli” (a mythical dog with wings), symbolizing the divine nature of corn.

Footprints in the shape of corn were often depicted throughout Aztec art, signifying the journey of life and the cyclical nature of existence. Corn was also associated with the concept of dominance and power, as well as renewal and fertility in both human and agricultural aspects.

In the “ollin” symbol, corn is depicted alongside other significant symbols such as the spear-thrower and the amphiptere. This symbol represents the passage of time and the cyclical nature of life. The corn is a representation of the sustenance and nourishment that comes from the earth, while the spear-thrower symbolizes military power, and the amphiptere represents renewal.

Corn played a crucial role in Aztec society and was present in various aspects of daily life. It was a staple food in the Aztec diet and a symbol of prosperity. The Aztecs used corn for various purposes, including making tortillas, tamales, and beverages. Corn was also used in religious rituals and ceremonies.

In conclusion, the corn symbolizes not only sustenance and fertility but also the cycle of life and renewal. It was worshipped and revered by the Aztecs, who believed it was a gift from the gods. The corn’s significance can be seen in the various representations and depictions throughout Aztec art and symbolism, and its importance can still be seen today in the culture and cuisine of Mexico.

The Atlatl

The Atlatl, also known as spear-thrower, was a useful and important tool for the Aztecs. It was not just a practical item for hunting and warfare, but also a symbol of prowess and skill. The word “Atlatl” translates to “water cane” or “reed” in the Nahuatl language.

In Aztec culture, the Atlatl had symbolic meanings associated with the gods and celestial bodies. It was believed to have the power to call on the stars and the movement of the heavens. The elongated and curved shape of the Atlatl resembled the Reed, which symbolized renewal and new beginnings.

The Atlatl was used to propel spears or darts with great force and accuracy. The Aztecs believe that the throwing of the Atlatl could take on the features of a serpent, with the blade representing the tongue and the wings representing the serpent’s movement. This symbolism connected the Atlatl to the gods, especially to Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent god.

The importance of the Atlatl can be seen in its presence in Aztec calendars and writings. The symbol for the Atlatl, Ollin, was associated with the movement of the sun and represented the passage of time. It was also a symbol of the ability to bring about change and transformation.

The Atlatl played a significant role in Aztec society, not only in hunting and warfare but also in rituals and ceremonies. It was used in rituals related to birth, as it symbolized the strength and power needed for the newborn to grow up and attach themselves to the world. It was also used in rituals related to death, symbolizing the connection between life and the afterlife.

In conclusion, the Atlatl was a multifaceted symbol in Aztec culture. It represented practicality and skill in hunting and warfare, but it also symbolized the connection between the heavens and the earth, as well as the cycle of life and death. Its importance can be seen in its presence in calendars, writings, and various rituals and ceremonies.


What is the meaning of the Feathered Serpent in Aztec symbolism?

In Aztec symbolism, the Feathered Serpent represents a powerful deity called Quetzalcoatl. It is associated with creation, fertility, and the wind. The Feathered Serpent is considered a benevolent god and is often depicted as a combination of a snake and a bird.

Why is the Feathered Serpent considered an important Aztec symbol?

The Feathered Serpent, or Quetzalcoatl, is considered an important Aztec symbol because it represents the powerful and benevolent god of creation and fertility. This deity was highly revered by the Aztecs and played a significant role in their religious beliefs and rituals.

What are the characteristics of the Feathered Serpent?

The Feathered Serpent is typically depicted as a combination of a snake and a bird. It has a feathered body and a serpent-like head. This symbolizes the blending of earth and sky, as well as the union of different natural elements. The Feathered Serpent is also associated with the wind, which represents its power and connection to the spiritual realm.

How does the Feathered Serpent symbolize creation?

The Feathered Serpent symbolizes creation in Aztec culture because it was believed to have played a role in the creation of the world and humanity. According to Aztec mythology, Quetzalcoatl brought the bones of previous generations and, with the help of other gods, created the current race of humans. This act of creation is represented by the Feathered Serpent.

What other meanings are associated with the Feathered Serpent?

Aside from its association with creation and fertility, the Feathered Serpent is also associated with wisdom and knowledge. Quetzalcoatl was considered the bringer of knowledge and was often depicted as a teacher and a guide. The Feathered Serpent is also seen as a symbol of good luck and is believed to offer protection and prosperity to those who worshiped it.

What is the meaning of the Feathered Serpent symbol in Aztec culture?

The Feathered Serpent symbol, known as Quetzalcoatl, represented the god of wind and learning in Aztec culture. It symbolized creation, fertility, and the cycle of life.